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Papers of the Week

Papers: 10 Sep 2022 - 16 Sep 2022

2022 Sep 04

Sensors (Basel)



Machine Learning Derived Lifting Techniques and Pain Self-Efficacy in People with Chronic Low Back Pain.


Phan TC, Pranata A, Farragher J, Bryant A, Nguyen HT, Chai R
Sensors (Basel). 2022 Sep 04; 22(17).
PMID: 36081153.


This paper proposes an innovative methodology for finding how many lifting techniques people with chronic low back pain (CLBP) can demonstrate with camera data collected from 115 participants. The system employs a feature extraction algorithm to calculate the knee, trunk and hip range of motion in the sagittal plane, Ward's method, a combination of K-means and Ensemble clustering method for classification algorithm, and Bayesian neural network to validate the result of Ward's method and the combination of K-means and Ensemble clustering method. The classification results and effect size show that Ward clustering is the optimal method where precision and recall percentages of all clusters are above 90, and the overall accuracy of the Bayesian Neural Network is 97.9%. The statistical analysis reported a significant difference in the range of motion of the knee, hip and trunk between each cluster, (9, 1136) = 195.67, < 0.0001. The results of this study suggest that there are four different lifting techniques in people with CLBP. Additionally, the results show that even though the clusters demonstrated similar pain levels, one of the clusters, which uses the least amount of trunk and the most knee movement, demonstrates the lowest pain self-efficacy.