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2022 Sep 05

Med Clin (Barc)

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis.


Romero-Gómez M
Med Clin (Barc). 2022 Sep 05.
PMID: 36075749.


Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis belongs to the spectrum of metabolic-associated fatty liver diseases characterized by steatosis linked to obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia and immune-mediated disorders. The main features of MAFLD include high prevalence, heterogeneity, complexity and dynamic disease. Pruritus and asthenia are the main clinical manifestation that impact on quality of life and patient-reported outcomes. Biochemical or imagen-based non-invasive test have been implemented in the diagnostic process. Liver biopsy remains as the gold standard. Therapeutic options included life-style intervention. Mediterranean hypocaloric Diet to lose weight, exercise to fight sarcopenia and alcohol abstinence. In non-responders, drug-therapy focusing on obesity, diabetes and fibrosis using sequentially or combined to promote steatosis, inflammation and fibrosis regression.