Dandy-Walker complex and pleomorphic xanthoastrocytomas are both rare disease entities that typically manifest early in life and are associated with congenital etiological factors. Dandy-Walker complex is a cerebellar malformation associated with a series of anatomical changes. The disease onset is usually at birth or during infancy. Late onset in adulthood is uncommon. Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma is a rare WHO grade II astrocytic tumor affecting mainly young adults. Concomitant occurrence of Dandy-Walker complex and pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma has not been previously reported.