I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 3 Sep 2022 - 9 Sep 2022

2022 Aug 26

Cell Rep Med

Gene-environment interactions explain a substantial portion of variability of common neuropsychiatric disorders.


In complex diseases, the phenotypic variability can be explained by genetic variation (G), environmental stimuli (E), and interaction of genetic and environmental factors (G-by-E effects), among which the contribution G-by-E remains largely unknown. In this study, we focus on ten major neuropsychiatric disorders using data for 138,383 United States families with 404,475 unique individuals. We show that, while gene-environment interactions account for only a small portion of the total phenotypic variance for a subset of disorders (depression, adjustment disorder, substance abuse), they explain a rather large portion of the phenotypic variation of the remaining disorders: over 20% for migraine and close to or over 30% for anxiety/phobic disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, recurrent headaches, sleep disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder. In this study, we have incorporated-in the same analysis-clinical data, family pedigrees, the spatial distribution of individuals, their socioeconomic and demographic confounders, and a collection of environmental measurements.