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Anim Cells Syst (Seoul)



The mixture of Ledeb. and Bunge. extract produces analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects in a collagen-induced arthritis mouse model.


Feng J H, Jung J S, Hwang S H, Lee S K, Lee S Y, Kwak Y G, Kim D-H, Song C-Y, Kim M J, Suh H W, Kim S C, Lim S S
Anim Cells Syst (Seoul). 2022; 26(4):166-173.
PMID: 36046031.


Pain and inflammation typically manifest in patients with arthritis. It is now widely known that Ledeb (AP) and Bunge (SM) exert anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects. We have previously reported that the mixture extract (ME) from AP and SM produces antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects in gout arthritis and monoiodoacetate (MIA)-induced arthritis models. In the present study, we assessed the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects on the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model. The antinociceptive effects in mice were measured using the von Frey test. ME administered once or for one week (once per day) once, and one-week reduced the pain in a dose-dependent manner (from 50 to 100 mg/kg) in the CIA-induced osteoarthritis (OA) model. ME treatment also reduced tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in plasma and ankle tissues. Furthermore, COX-1, COX-2, NF-κB, TNF-α, and IL-6 expressions were attenuated after ME treatment. In most experiments, the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects induced by ME treatment were almost equal to or slightly better than those induced by (PC) treatment, which was used as a positive control. Our results suggest that ME possesses antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects, indicating its potential as a therapeutic agent for arthritis treatment.