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Papers of the Week

2022 Aug

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi



[Research progress on antitumor effect and molecular mechanism of capsaicin].


Zhou X-Y, Liu X-Y, Li Z, Guo X-H
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2022 Aug; 47(16):4277-4283.
PMID: 36046853.


Capsaicin is a lipid-soluble vanillin alkaloid extracted from Capsicum plants in the Solanaceae family, which is the main active ingredient in capsicum, with multiple functions such as anti-inflammation, analgesia, cardiovascular expansion, and gastric mucosa protection. Recently, capsaicin has been confirmed as a potential antitumor compound. It can induce cell cycle arrest, inhibit cancer cell proliferation, metastasis, invasion, and angiogenesis, and promote apoptosis or autophagy in malignancy cell models and animal models of lung cancer, breast cancer, gastric cancer, and liver cancer. Meanwhile, capsaicin shows a synergistic antitumor effect when combined with other antitumor drugs such as sorafenib. Based on the recent literature on the antitumor effect of capsaicin, the present study analyzed the molecular mechanism of capsaicin in resisting tumors by inducing apoptosis and reviewed the effects of capsaicin in inducing tumor cell cycle arrest, inhibiting tumor cell proliferation, metastasis, and angiogenesis, and combating tumors with other drugs, thereby providing a theoretical basis for further research of capsaicin and its rational development and utilization.