This article will narrow its focus largely to notable issues related to regional anesthesia in pediatrics. First, the controversy surrounding awake versus anesthetized block placement will be addressed. There will also be a discussion on the use of regional anesthetics in orthopedics cases and the risk of compartment syndrome. Subsequently, the concern for regional anesthetics in the setting of an instrumented spine (eg, following spine fusion, baclofen pump placement) will be reviewed as such can have significant ramifications for patients. Finally, this article will consider ambulatory regional catheters and their increasing use in pediatric orthopedic anesthesia. Their utilization during the COVD epidemic played a key role in facilitating procedures that would have been canceled due to the protracted hospital bed shortage.