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Papers of the Week

2022 Sep 02

Z Rheumatol

[Coccygodynia-An often underestimated clinical picture].


Benditz A
Z Rheumatol. 2022 Sep 02.
PMID: 36053332.


One of the most frequently underestimated symptoms in orthopedic practices is coccygodynia. The clinical picture of coccygodynia was first described in 1859. Nevertheless, discussions about the importance of coccygeal problems remain a controversial topic. All patients have in common that they have gone through a long ordeal with many therapists, examinations and therapeutic approaches without having received a real diagnosis. The main symptom of coccygodynia is pain directly on the lowest segment of the coccyx, which often only occurs when sitting and is intensified by a change in position, usually from a sitting to a standing position. Trauma can only be described as the trigger in 50% of cases. Women are four times more likely to be affected than men. The gold standard for imaging should be viewed from standing and seated dynamic lateral radiographs of the coccyx. After the diagnosis has been made, conservative treatment should first be started with oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), relief with a coccyx cushion with a recess and, if necessary, physiotherapy to strengthen or loosen the pelvic floor. Local infiltration with a glucocorticoid and a local anesthetic directly in the painful area are also often promising. If the symptoms persist for more than 6 months, surgical treatment in the sense of removing the coccyx can be discussed with the patient. The literature shows a success rate of 80-90% if the indications are correct.