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Papers of the Week

2022 Aug 26

BMC Emerg Med



Cognitive biases encountered by physicians in the emergency room.


Kunitomo K, Harada T, Watari T
BMC Emerg Med. 2022 Aug 26; 22(1):148.
PMID: 36028810.


Diagnostic errors constitute an important medical safety problem that needs improvement, and their frequency and severity are high in emergency room settings. Previous studies have suggested that diagnostic errors occur in 0.6-12% of first-time patients in the emergency room and that one or more cognitive factors are involved in 96% of these cases. This study aimed to identify the types of cognitive biases experienced by physicians in emergency rooms in Japan.