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Papers of the Week

2022 Aug 19

Int J Mol Sci



Association of CARD14 Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms with Psoriasis.


Suleman S, Chhabra G, Raza R, Hamid A, Qureshi J A, Ahmad N
Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Aug 19; 23(16).
PMID: 36012602.


Psoriasis is an immune-mediated chronic and painful disease characterized by red raised patches of inflamed skin that may have desquamation, silvery-white scales, itching and cracks. The susceptibility of developing psoriasis depends on multiple factors, with a complex interplay between genetic and environmental factors. Studies have suggested an association between autosomal dominant CARD14 (caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 14) gain-of-function mutations with the pathophysiology of psoriasis. In this study, non-synonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) of CARD14 gene were assessed to determine their association with psoriasis in Pakistani population. A total of 123 subjects (63 patients with psoriasis and 60 normal controls) were included in this study. DNA was extracted from blood, and PCR analysis was performed followed by Sanger sequencing for 18 CARD14 specific nsSNPs (14 previously reported and the 4 most pathogenic nsSNPs identified using bioinformatics analysis). Among the 18 tested SNPs, only 2 nsSNP, rs2066965 (R547S) and rs34367357 (V585I), were found to be associated with psoriasis. Furthermore, rs2066965 heterozygous genotype was found to be more prevalent in patients with joint pain. Additionally, the 3D structure of CARD14 protein was predicted using alpha-fold2. NMSim web server was used to perform coarse grind simulations of wild-type CARD14 and two mutated structures. R547S increases protein flexibility, whereas V353I is shown to promote CARD14-induced NF-kappa B activation. This study confirms the association between two CARD14 nsSNPs, rs2066965 and rs34367357 with psoriasis in a Pakistani population, and could be helpful in identifying the role of CARD14 gene variants as potential genetic markers in patients with psoriasis.