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Papers of the Week

2022 Aug 22

Medicina (Kaunas)



Solitary Rectal Ulcer Syndrome Is Not Always Ulcerated: A Case Report.


Liu Y, Chen Z, Dou L, Yang Z, Wang G
Medicina (Kaunas). 2022 Aug 22; 58(8).
PMID: 36013603.


Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) is a benign and chronic disorder well known in young adults that is characterized by a series of symptoms such as rectal bleeding, copious mucus discharge, prolonged excessive straining, perineal and abdominal pain, a feeling of incomplete defecation, constipation and, rarely, rectal prolapse. The etiology of this syndrome remains obscure, and the diagnosis is easily confused with that of other diseases, contributing to difficulties in treatment. We present a case of a 37-year-old male with a nonulcerated rectal lesion grossly resembling a superficial depressed rectal cancer misdiagnosed in another hospital and describe its appearance on endoscopy and in the analysis of its pathological manifestations. The aim of this case report is to report an easily misdiagnosed case of SRUS, which needs to be distinguished from superficial rectal cancer, which should be educational for endoscopists.