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Papers of the Week

Papers: 20 Aug 2022 - 26 Aug 2022

Pharmacology/Drug Development

2022 Aug 16


Hen Egg Lysozyme alleviates static mechanical pain via NRF1-Parkin-TACAN signaling axis in sensory neurons.


Zhang X-L, Lei Y, Xiao Y-B, Cao X-Y, Tian X-Y, Zhu Y-X, Zhang X, Xie M-X
Neuroscience. 2022 Aug 16.
PMID: 35985504.


Mechanical allodynia impinges on the life quality of patients. Hen Egg Lysozyme (HEL) is a substance extracted from eggs that is commonly used to inhibit bacterial activity. The role of HEL in regulating and treating pain is unclear. Here, we find that HEL selectively attenuates static mechanical allodynia of mice induced by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA), spinal nerve ligation (SNL) and chemotherapeutic agent. RNA-seq screening reveals that CFA significantly reduces the expression of Parkin in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons of mice, while pre-administration of HEL increases the expression of Parkin and remits the static mechanical allodynia induced by Parkin-siRNA. Moreover, HEL increases the interaction between nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1) and histone acetyltransferase P300 and then enhances the NRF1 mediated histone acetylation in prkn promoter region in DRGs of mice. Further, Parkin interacts with mechanotransducing ion channel TACAN (Tmem120a) and knockdown of Parkin significantly increases the membrane trafficking of TACAN in sensory neurons of mice. While pre-administration of HEL inhibits the increased membrane trafficking of TACAN in sensory neurons of mice induced by Parkin-siRNA. In addition, pre-given of HEL also significantly attenuates the static mechanical allodynia induced by overexpression of TACAN in mice, and the effect of HEL can be blocked by Parkin-siRNA. This indicates that HEL increases the expression of Parkin through epigenetic mechanisms and then decreases TACAN membrane trafficking in sensory neurons to relieve static mechanical hypersensitivity. Therefore, we reveal a novel function of HEL, which is a potential substance for the treatment of static mechanical pain.