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Papers of the Week

Papers: 13 Aug 2022 - 19 Aug 2022

Pharmacology/Drug Development

2022 Aug 16

Biomater Sci

Soluplus®-based dissolving microarray patches loaded with colchicine: towards a minimally invasive treatment and management of gout.


Kurnia Anjani Q, Sabri A H B, Moreno-Castellanos N, Utomo E, Cárcamo-Martínez Á, Domínguez-Robles J, Wardoyo L A H, Donnelly RF
Biomater Sci. 2022 Aug 16.
PMID: 35972236.


Considered as one of the most common inflammatory arthritis, gout is characterised by a sudden onset of severe joint pain. As the first-line drug of choice used in treating acute gout, colchicine (CLC) is hindered by poor gastrointestinal permeability as well as unfavourable gastrointestinal side effects. Herein, we present, for the first time, the preparation of microarray array patches (MAPs) made of a polymeric solubiliser, Soluplus®, loaded with CLC for its systemic delivery. The fabricated MAPs displayed acceptable mechanical properties and were capable of being inserted into the skin to a depth of ≈500 μm in full thickness neonatal porcine skin, as evidenced by optical coherence tomography. dermatokinetic studies utilising full thickness neonatal porcine skin demonstrated that the CLC-loaded MAPs delivered CLC across all skin strata, resulting in a delivery efficiency of 73% after 24 hours. Furthermore, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and cell proliferation assays along with LIVE/DEAD™ staining on the 3T3-L1 cell line showed that the MAP formulation displayed minimal toxicity, with acceptable biocompatibility. Lastly, the anti-inflammatory properties of the formulation were evaluated using a THP-1 macrophage cell line. It was shown that treatment of THP-1 macrophages that are exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with CLC-loaded MAPs caused a significant ( < 0.05) reduction of TNF-α production, a pro-inflammatory cytokine typically associated with the early onset of acute gout. Accordingly, CLC-loaded MAPs could represent a new minimally-invasive alternative strategy for management of acute gout.