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Papers of the Week

2022 Jul




Calciphylaxis in End-Stage Renal Disease: A Rare Condition With High Mortality.


Bachu R, Patel TH, Hemmings S
Cureus. 2022 Jul; 14(7):e26752.
PMID: 35967146.


Calciphylaxis is a rare but life-threatening condition, seen in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on renal replacement therapy. Its pathogenesis is not completely known, but microvascular calcification and thrombosis are considered the likely processes. It is characterized by significant morbidity due to severe pain and nonhealing wounds with frequent hospitalizations. Sepsis is the most common cause of mortality with more than 50% of patients dying within the first year after diagnosis. Optimal management requires a multidisciplinary approach. We describe a case of a 66-year-old female with ESRD on hemodialysis (HD) who presented with severe progressive calciphylaxis wounds on both lower extremities and died within two months after diagnosis. She had multiple admissions in the past for cellulitis when she presented with swelling in the legs and chronic wounds. Our goal is to increase awareness among physicians to include calciphylaxis in their differential diagnosis when treating ESRD patients with significant risk factors to detect it early and prevent morbidity and mortality.