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Papers of the Week

Papers: 13 Aug 2022 - 19 Aug 2022

Animal Studies

2022 Jul 28

J Vis Exp


The Tibial Fracture-Pin Model: A Clinically Relevant Mouse Model of Orthopedic Injury.


Muwanga GPB, Siliezar-Doyle J, Ortiz A A, Kaslow J, Haight ES, Tawfik VL
J Vis Exp. 2022 Jul 28(185).
PMID: 35969043.


The tibial fracture-pin model is a mouse model of orthopedic trauma and surgery that recapitulates the complex muscle, bone, nerve, and connective tissue damage that manifests with this type of injury in humans. This model was developed because previous models of orthopedic trauma did not include simultaneous injury to multiple tissue types (bone, muscle, nerves) and were not truly representative of human complex orthopedic trauma. The authors therefore modified previous models of orthopedic trauma and developed the tibial fracture-pin model. This modified fracture model consists of a unilateral open tibial fracture with intramedullary nail (IMN) internal fixation and simultaneous tibialis anterior (TA) muscle injury, resulting in mechanical allodynia that lasts up to 5 weeks post injury. This series of protocols outlines the detailed steps to perform the clinically relevant orthopedic trauma tibial fracture-pin model, followed by a modified hot plate assay to examine nociceptive changes after orthopedic injury. Taken together, these detailed, reproducible protocols will allow pain researchers to expand their toolkit for studying orthopedic trauma-induced pain.