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Papers of the Week

2022 Aug 08

Am J Emerg Med

Phlegmasia cerulea dolens causing compartment syndrome.


Aydemir B, Hoyle C, Hakmeh W
Am J Emerg Med. 2022 Aug 08.
PMID: 35961832.


Phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD) is a rare condition characterized by a severely swollen, cyanotic, blue extremity due to a large proximal (iliofemoral) deep venous thrombosis extending into the collateral veins. Mortality in PCD ranges 20-40%. Due to severely compromised venous drainage, compartment pressures can rapidly increase 16-fold within 6 h, but rarely result in arterial compromise.