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2022 Aug 09

Sci Rep



Hypverventilation strain CMR imaging in patients with acute chest pain.


Siry D, Riffel JH, Salatzki J, Andre F, Ochs M, Weberling LD, Giannitsis E, Katus HA, Friedrich MG
Sci Rep. 2022 Aug 09; 12(1):13584.
PMID: 35945332.


In patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome high-sensitivity cardiac tropnonin T is used for rapid patient triage. Some acute coronary syndrome patients assigned to the observe zone based on high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T after 1 h require further diagnostic testing. Fast-strain encoded CMR imaging with breathing maneuvers may accelerate diagnostic work-up and identify patients suffering from acute coronary syndrome. Patients presenting with acute chest pain (high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T level 5-52 ng/L) were prospectively enrolled (consecutive sampling, time of recruitment: 09/18-06/19). Fast-strain-encoded imaging was performed within the 1-h timeframe (0 h/1 h algorithm) prior to 2nd high-sensitivity troponin T lab results. Images were acquired at rest as well as after 1-min of hyperventilation followed by a short breath-hold. In 108 patients (59 male; mean age: 57 ± 17y) the mean study time was 17 ± 3 min. An abnormal strain response after the breathing maneuver (persistent/increased/new onset of increased strain rates) correctly identified all 17 patients with a high-sensitivity troponin T dynamic (0 h/1 h algorithm) and explanatory significant coronary lesions, while in 86 patients without serologic or angiographic evidence for severe coronary artery disease the strain response was normal (sensitivity 100%, specificity 94.5%; 5 false positive results). The number of dysfunctional segments (strain > - 10%) proved to be a quantifiable marker for identifying patients with acute coronary syndrome. In patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome and inconclusive initial high-sensitivity troponin T, fast-strain-encoded imaging with a breathing maneuver may safely and rapidly identify patients with acute coronary syndrome, without the need for vasodilators, stress, or contrast agents.