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Papers of the Week

Papers: 30 Jul 2022 - 5 Aug 2022

2022 Jul 28

Sci Rep



Clinical identification of the stimulus intensity to measure temporal summation of second pain.


Daisuke M, Shoichi I, Xiaoyu L, Kotaro K, Yukiko K, Ryota T, Peter S, Hirofumi Y
Sci Rep. 2022 Jul 28; 12(1):12915.
PMID: 35902714.


Temporal summation of second pain (TSSP) has been suggested as a psychophysical index for central sensitization, one of the critical mechanisms in the chronification of pain. However, there is no gold standard for protocols to measure TSSP. The purpose was to establish the stimulus intensity for measuring TSSP. Female patients with chronic myofascial temporomandibular disorders pain (n = 16) and healthy female volunteers with no pain (n = 15) participated. Pain thresholds (PT °C) were measured, and repetitive heat stimuli at three stimulus intensities (PT °C, PT + 1 °C, PT + 2 °C) were applied. TSSP parameters were quantified as TSSP magnitude (TSm) and TSSP frequency (TSf). In healthy female volunteers, pain ratings significantly decreased at PT °C (p < 0.050), besides TSm and TSf at PT + 2 °C were significantly higher than those at PT °C (p < 0.025). In chronic pain patients, pain ratings significantly increased at PT + 1 °C and PT + 2 °C (p < 0.050). At PT + 2 °C, TSm and TSf in chronic pain patients were significantly higher than those in healthy volunteers (p < 0.050). It could be helpful to measure TSSP with the stimulus intensity adjusted individually to the patient's pain thresholds + 2 °C for assessing central sensitization.