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Papers of the Week

2022 Jul 27

Pharmacy (Basel)



Discordance in Addressing Opioid Crisis in Rural Communities: Patient and Provider Perspectives.


Qudah B, Maurer MA, Mott DA, Chui MA
Pharmacy (Basel). 2022 Jul 27; 10(4).
PMID: 35893729.


Providing patient-centered care to manage chronic pain and opioid use disorder (OUD) is associated with improved health outcomes. However, adopting a holistic approach to providing care is often challenging in rural communities. This study aims to identify and contrast challenges to providing patient-centered care from the perspective of patients and providers. A participatory design approach was adopted to elicit the perceptions of providers and patients with lived experiences of chronic pain and/or OUD in Jefferson County, Wisconsin. Two focus groups were conducted with each stakeholder group to identify problems that participants face with respect to chronic pain management and OUD and possible solutions. Four interviews were conducted with providers experienced in chronic pain management. Analysis of focus group sessions and interviews show consensus among patients and providers that lack of behavioral health and recovery resources create barriers to effectively manage OUD and chronic pain. However, there was discordance among the two groups about other barriers such as patient and provider attitudes, tapering approach, and access to medications for OUD. This tension among patients and providers can influence patients' retention in therapy. More efforts are needed to mitigate stigma among providers in rural communities and support psychosocial needs of patients.