Hypospadias is one of the most common malformations of the male genitourinary system. In recent years, the incidence of hypospadias is increasing year by year, which seriously affects normal urination and sexual function. Repairing hypospadias has always been a challenge in paediatric urology, requiring a variety of surgical techniques and science and art that requires intensive study. Despite the availability of over 300 surgical procedures and continuous improvement, there is still a high level of surgical complications. It is crucial to choose an appropriate and effective surgical method for the treatment of hypospadias.