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Papers of the Week

2022 Sep

Radiol Case Rep



Imaging of Group B Streptococcus infection in pyonephrosis: a case report.


Elmanar R, Atmaja H SM
Radiol Case Rep. 2022 Sep; 17(9):3302-3307.
PMID: 35846511.


Pyonephrosis is hydronephrosis accompanied by a bacterial infection in the kidney, causing suppurative destruction of the renal parenchyma; this condition is an emergency and usually associated with stones or chronic urinary tract infections. Urinalysis is typically inaccurate for establishing the diagnosis, as bacteriuria may not manifest due to ureteral obstruction. We reported a 55-year-old male patient with flanks pain and an account of stone expulsion. Based on history taking, physical examination, radiology examinations, and percutaneous nephrotomy, we concluded a diagnosis of pyonephrosis causing by as known as Group B Streptococcus. While both US and CT scan guided the early diagnosis, CT was more accurate as it is able to capture the renal function and the underlying cause of obstruction. Pyonephrosis was described as having a pus collection in the pelvicalyceal system, cortex thinning, and the appearance of stones. Pyonephrosis is a rare emergency, and many clinicians find it challenging to recognize since the presentations are frequently nonspecific. In order to prevent renal failure and the spread of bacteremia that entails life-threatening urosepsis, acquiring imaging knowledge (sonography and CT) and other findings are indispensable in determining this entity.