I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 16 Jul 2022 - 22 Jul 2022

Animal Studies

2022 Jul 15

Brain Res Bull

Plasticity of neuronal excitability and synaptic balance in the anterior nucleus of paraventricular thalamus after nerve injury.


The anterior nucleus of the paraventricular thalamus (aPVT) integrates various synaptic inputs and conveys information to the downstream brain regions for arousal and pain regulation. Recent studies have indicated that the PVT plays a crucial role in the regulation of chronic pain, but the plasticity mechanism of neuronal excitability and synaptic inputs for aPVT neurons in neuropathic pain remains unclear. Here, we report that spinal nerve ligation (SNL) significantly increased the neuronal excitability and reset the excitatory/inhibitory (E/I) synaptic inputs ratio of aPVT neurons in mice. SNL significantly increased the membrane input resistance, firing frequency, and the half-width of action potential. Additionally, SNL enlarged the area of afterdepolarization and prolonged the rebound low-threshold spike following a hyperpolarized current injection. Further results indicate that an inwardly rectifying current density was decreased in SNL animals. SNL also decreased the amplitude, but not the frequency of spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs), nor the amplitude or frequency of spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSCs) of aPVT neurons. Moreover, SNL disrupted the E/I synaptic ratio, caused a decrease in weighted tau and half-width of averaged sIPSCs, but did not change these physiological properties of averaged sEPSCs. Finally, pharmacological activation of the GABA receptor at aPVT could effective relieve SNL-induced mechanical allodynia in mice. These results reveal the plasticity of intrinsic neuronal excitability and E/I synaptic balance in the aPVT neurons after nerve injury and it may play an important role in the development of pain sensitization.