I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

2022 Jul 19


An elusive case of malignant optic nerve glioma with a suprasellar mass.


Sun MJ, Tran AQ, Dinkin MJ, Kazim M, Tooley AA
Orbit. 2022 Jul 19:1-4.
PMID: 35850580.


A 67-year-old man with multiple comorbidities presented with 3 weeks of orbital pain, proptosis, and no light perception vision in the left eye. Examination was notable for a left orbital apex syndrome with CN III, VI palsies, an optic neuropathy, and central retinal vein occlusion. Magnetic resonance imaging of the orbits was notable for extensive enhancement, enlargement, and T2 hyperintensity of the optic nerve, with perineural sheath enhancement, and chiasmal hyperintensity. Inflammatory workup and lumbar puncture were unremarkable. No improvement was seen after a 3-day course of intravenous solumedrol. Initial optic nerve biopsy revealed necrotic nerve tissue, macrophage infiltration, increased vascularization, and peripheral gliosis. The volume of tissue was inadequate for genomic analysis. The patient was lost to follow-up but returned 5 months later with right-sided vision loss. Repeat neuroimaging showed a new suprasellar mass and progressive expansion and enhancement of both optic nerves. Biopsies of the suprasellar mass and left nerve at this time were consistent with a high-grade glial neoplasm, WHO grade IV. This is a rare case of glioblastoma involving the optic nerves and suprasellar region. In such cases, molecular profiling can improve diagnosis and may provide for targeted treatments in the future.