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Papers of the Week

2022 Jul 15

Implement Sci



Study protocol for a type III hybrid effectiveness-implementation trial to evaluate scaling interoperable clinical decision support for patient-centered chronic pain management in primary care.


Salloum RG, Bilello L, Bian J, DiIulio J, Paz L G, Gurka MJ, Gutierrez M, Hurley RW, Jones RE, Martinez-Wittinghan F, Marcial L, Masri G, McDonnell C, Militello LG, Modave F, Nguyen K, Rhodes B, Siler K, Willis D, Harle CA
Implement Sci. 2022 Jul 15; 17(1):44.
PMID: 35841043.


The US continues to face public health crises related to both chronic pain and opioid overdoses. Thirty percent of Americans suffer from chronic noncancer pain at an estimated yearly cost of over $600 billion. Most patients with chronic pain turn to primary care clinicians who must choose from myriad treatment options based on relative risks and benefits, patient history, available resources, symptoms, and goals. Recently, with attention to opioid-related risks, prescribing has declined. However, clinical experts have countered with concerns that some patients for whom opioid-related benefits outweigh risks may be inappropriately discontinued from opioids. Unfortunately, primary care clinicians lack usable tools to help them partner with their patients in choosing pain treatment options that best balance risks and benefits in the context of patient history, resources, symptoms, and goals. Thus, primary care clinicians and patients would benefit from patient-centered clinical decision support (CDS) for this shared decision-making process.