Good to very good clinical results can be achieved in older patients with the implantation of a total elbow prosthesis in cases of distal humeral fractures by taking the morphological features of the fractures, the bone quality as well as the individual patient requirements and variables into account. The most commonly used design is the cemented semiconstrained linked total elbow endoprosthesis. The unlinked prosthesis design and hemiarthroplasty require intact or adequately reconstructable musculoligamentous structures or condyles and a preserved or replaced radial head. The recommended weight limit after total elbow prosthesis as well as potential intraoperative and postoperative complications must be considered and discussed with the patients. A secondary total elbow arthroplasty is also possible after primary conservative treatment approaches, e.g., in the case of contraindicated surgery in the fracture situation, persistent pain and functional restrictions. This article provides an overview of the technique and the appropriate indications.