Plantar fasciitis or the inflammation of the fascial lining on the plantar aspect of the foot continues to be the leading cause of heel pain for many Americans. Common causes can range from anatomical deformities such as pes planus or flat foot, biomechanical etiology such as excessive pronation of the subtalar joint, or chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes mellitus. The pathophysiology of plantar fasciitis can be either inflammatory due to vasodilation and immune system activation or non-inflammatory involving fibroblastic hypertrophy. Worsening pain of the inferior and medial heel after periods of prolonged rest and late in the day after hours of ambulation and weight-bearing activities is the most common symptom of plantar fasciitis. Common treatments for plantar fasciitis include plantar fascia stretching, physical therapy, orthotics, corticosteroid injections, and even surgery. Despite these treatment strategies, fasciitis remains a clinical problem and better treatment modalities are warranted. Late diagnosis is a common issue for prolonged and equivocal treatment and early diagnostic measures might be beneficial. In this concise review, we discussed the etiology, immunopathogenesis, current treatments of plantar fasciitis and potentially preventative measures prior to the onset of chronic treatment resistant condition.