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Papers of the Week

Papers: 16 Jul 2022 - 22 Jul 2022

Animal Studies

2022 Jul 14

Nat Commun



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Controlled activation of cortical astrocytes modulates neuropathic pain-like behaviour.


Takeda I, Yoshihara K, Cheung DL, Kobayashi T, Agetsuma M, Tsuda M, Eto K, Koizumi S, Wake H, Moorhouse AJ, Nabekura J
Nat Commun. 2022 Jul 14; 13(1):4100.
PMID: 35835747.


Chronic pain is a major public health problem that currently lacks effective treatment options. Here, a method that can modulate chronic pain-like behaviour induced by nerve injury in mice is described. By combining a transient nerve block to inhibit noxious afferent input from injured peripheral nerves, with concurrent activation of astrocytes in the somatosensory cortex (S1) by either low intensity transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) or via the chemogenetic DREADD system, we could reverse allodynia-like behaviour previously established by partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSL). Such activation of astrocytes initiated spine plasticity to reduce those synapses formed shortly after PSL. This reversal from allodynia-like behaviour persisted well beyond the active treatment period. Thus, our study demonstrates a robust and potentially translational approach for modulating pain, that capitalizes on the interplay between noxious afferents, sensitized central neuronal circuits, and astrocyte-activation induced synaptic plasticity.