I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 16 Jul 2022 - 22 Jul 2022

2022 Jun 29


When Foods Cause Itch: Clinical Characteristics, Pathophysiology, and Recommendations for Food-Induced Skin and Mucosal Pruritus.


Itch occurs in various dermatologic and systemic conditions. Many patients report that certain foods instigate itch, although there is limited published information in dermatology on food-induced pruritus. In addition, itch severity is rarely mentioned. Food can induce pruritus through either ingestion or direct contact with skin or mucosal membranes. The most common type of itch provoked by food is acute urticaria, often through the classical immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated pathway. Other mechanisms include non-IgE-mediated, mixed (IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated), T-cell-mediated, and nonimmune reactions. For patients presenting with urticaria, generalized pruritus, oral pruritus, or dermatitis, a thorough history is warranted, and possible food associations should be considered and assessed. Although any food seems to have the potential to elicit an immune response, certain foods are especially immunogenic. Treatment includes avoidance of the trigger and symptom management. Careful consideration should be used as to avoid unnecessarily restrictive elimination diets.