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Papers of the Week

Papers: 9 Jul 2022 - 15 Jul 2022

Animal Studies

2022 Jun 25

Int J Mol Sci



Scorpion Neurotoxin Syb-prII-1 Exerts Analgesic Effect through Nav1.8 Channel and MAPKs Pathway.


Bai F, Song Y, Cao Y, Ban M, Zhang Z, Sun Y, Feng Y, Li C
Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Jun 25; 23(13).
PMID: 35806068.


Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a common type of peripheral neuralgia in clinical practice, which is usually difficult to cure. Common analgesic drugs are difficult for achieving the desired analgesic effect. Syb-prII-1 is a β-type scorpion neurotoxin isolated from the scorpion venom of It has an important influence on the voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSCs), especially closely related to Nav1.8 and Nav1.9. To explore whether Syb-prII-1 has a good analgesic effect on TN, we established the Sprague Dawley (SD) rats' chronic constriction injury of the infraorbital nerve (IoN-CCI) model. Behavioral, electrophysiological, Western blot, and other methods were used to verify the model. It was found that Syb-prII-1 could significantly relieve the pain behavior of IoN-CCI rats. After Syb-prII-1 was given, the phosphorylation level of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) pathway showed a dose-dependent decrease after IoN-CCI injury. Moreover, Syb-prII-1(4.0 mg/kg) could significantly change the steady-state activation and inactivation curves of Nav1.8. The steady-state activation and inactivation curves of Nav1.9 were similar to those of Nav1.8, but there was no significant difference. It was speculated that it might play an auxiliary role. The binding mode, critical residues, and specific interaction type of Syb-prII-1 and VSD2 were clarified with computational simulation methods. Our results indicated that Syb-prII-1 could provide a potential treatment for TN by acting on the Nav1.8 target.