Several studies have shown the effectiveness of trans-muscular quadratus lumborum block (TQLB) in analgesia after cesarean delivery. However, the influence of anterior QLB at the lateral supra-arcuate ligament (QLB-LSAL) in this surgery is unclear. This study aimed to compare the analgesic efficacy of bilateral TQLBs with bilateral QLBs-LSAL following cesarean delivery. Ninety-four parturients scheduled for cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia were enrolled and randomly allocated to undergo either bilateral TQLBs or bilateral QLBs-LSAL with 0.375% of ropivacaine (20 mL each side) following cesarean delivery. Intravenous sufentanil was administered for patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). The primary outcome was postoperative sufentanil consumption during the initial 24 h post-surgery. Secondary endpoints included pain scores, time to the first PCA request, postoperative rescue analgesia, satisfaction scores, and nausea/vomiting events. Sufentanil consumption was significantly reduced in the QLB-LSAL group in the first 24 h compared with the TQLB group after surgery (29.4 ± 5.7 μg vs. 39.4 ± 9.6 μg, < 0.001). In comparison with TQLB, the time to the first PCA request in the QLB-LSAL group was significantly longer (10.9 ± 4.1 h vs. 6.7 ± 1.8 h, < 0.001). No differences were observed between two groups regarding pain scores, rescue analgesia after surgery, satisfaction scores, or nausea/vomiting incidence. The significant reduction in opioid consumption in the first 24 h and prolongation in time to first opioid demand in parturients receiving QLB-LSAL compared with TQLB suggest that the QLB-LSAL is a superior choice for multimodal analgesia after cesarean delivery.