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2022 Jul 09

Biotechnol Lett

Mesenchymal stem cells for the treatment of cognitive impairment caused by neurological diseases.


Patients with neurological diseases often have cognitive impairment, which creates a substantial emotional and economic burden for patients and their families. This issue urgently needs to be addressed. The pathological mechanism of this cognitive impairment is a complicated process that involves a variety of cells and molecules, central nervous system inflammatory reactions, oxidative stress, free radical damage and nerve protection factor-related metabolic disorders. Traditional treatments include neuroprotective agents and analgesic therapy. However, analgesic therapy cannot improve cognitive function, and the blood-brain barrier (BBB) largely blocks neuroprotective agents from entering the central nervous system; therefore, it is very important to find a more effective treatment. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and immunomodulatory properties and have been proven to play an important role in the treatment of many neurodegenerative diseases. Most importantly, MSCs are likely to cross the BBB. Therefore, MSC therapy is regarded as an important means of ameliorating neurological impairment. The purpose of this review is to summarize recent researches on the treatment of cognitive dysfunction caused by neurological diseases with MSCs.