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Biomed Res Int


The Responses to CGRP in the Territory of the Posterior Cerebral Artery in Migraine.


Visočnik D, Zaletel M, Zupan M, Žvan B
Biomed Res Int. 2022; 2022:2686689.
PMID: 35795317.


Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is important in trigeminovascular (TMV) sensitization with neurogenic inflammation which might be involved in CGRP-induced headache (CGRP-IH). Distribution of white matter lesions, migraine aura, and functional neuroimaging indicate that posterior circulation is especially exposed to TMV sensitization. The transcranial Doppler (TCD) is able to detect changes in the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) during CGRP stimulation. Thus, we studied CGRP-induced hemodynamic changes in PCA and frequency of CGRP-IH. Twenty healthy subjects and 20 patients with migraine participated in our study. TCD was used to monitor mean arterial velocity in posterior cerebral artery (vPCA). Simultaneously, end-tidal carbon dioxide (Et-CO), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and heart rate (HR) were measured. During the experiment, we monitored the frequency of CGRP-IH. We determined the values of vPCA, Et-CO, MAP, and HR and calculate the response of vPCA, Et-CO2, MAP, and HR to CGRP. To test the differences and relationships, statistical methods were applied using SSPS. We found significant decrease in vPCA in migraine and control groups and found the vPCA response to be significantly lower in migraine ( = 0.018). Et-CO decreases in both groups, and it is significantly lower in migraine ( < 0.001). MAP is significantly higher in migraine ( = 0.001), while HR is not significantly higher in migraine ( = 0.570). CGRP-IH is significantly associated with vPCA responses ( = 0.003) and migraine ( < 0.001). We concluded that hemodynamic changes in PCA are significantly related to CGRP-IH. The TMV sensitization might be pronounced in posterior circulation explaining clinical and morphologic issues in migraine.