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Prog Rehabil Med


Cross-cultural Adaptation of the Knowledge and Attitude of Pain into Japanese and Test-retest Reliability in Undergraduate Students.


Pain neuroscience education (PNE) has been shown to be effective in reducing pain in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Knowledge of pain physiology is necessary to undertake PNE, and a measure for such knowledge is necessary. The Knowledge and Attitudes of Pain (KNAP), a comprehensive assessment of knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding pain for healthcare practitioners, was developed in 2020 through the assessment of construct validity, reliability, and responsiveness in Dutch and English. This study aimed to conduct cross-cultural adaptation of the KNAP into Japanese and to verify test-retest reliability among Japanese undergraduate physical therapy and occupational therapy students.