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Papers of the Week

2022 Jun




Clinical Characteristics of 100 Patients With COVID-19-Associated Mucormycosis From a Tertiary Care Center in North India.


Kant R, Totaganti M, Mohan B, Bairwa M, Panda PK, Tyagi A, Prasad A, Bahurupi Y
Cureus. 2022 Jun; 14(6):e25652.
PMID: 35800201.


Background Fungal infection in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a new challenge in healthcare facilities. This study aimed to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of COVID-19-associated mucormycosis (CAM). Methodology This retrospective, single-center case series included patients who were hospitalized and diagnosed with COVID-19 and mucormycosis at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh (North India) from April 15, 2021, onwards and last followed up on June 30, 2021. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, radiological, microbiological, pathological, and outcome data were then collected and analyzed. Results Of the 100 consecutive inpatients with CAM, 95 (95%) had diabetes mellitus. At the onset of illness, the most common manifestations were facial swelling (85%), eye swelling (83%), headache (68%), pain around the eyeball (67%), malaise (57%), and fever (50%). The most common organ involved on examination was the nose and paranasal sinus (96%), followed by the orbit (83%), palate (19%), and cranial nerves (7%). Pulmonary involvement was seldom observed (1%). Predominant pathological findings were the presence of aseptate hyphae (75%), necrosis (75%), angioinvasion (36%), and perineural invasion (2.6%). During the last follow-up, 13 patients died, with 11 (84.6%) having severe COVID-19 and two (15.3%) having moderate COVID-19. Conclusions Steroid use and diabetes mellitus are the significant risk factors of CAM. Patients with CAM usually present with face/eye swelling with radiological involvement of the nose and sinus and may die because of severe COVID-19.