Fear of movement, or kinesiophobia, is a risk factor for developing chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP) and may impede recovery. Identifying people with kinesiophobia peri-operatively is potentially valuable to intervene to optimize rehabilitation and prevent CPSP. This narrative review aims to describe and critically appraise the sensibility and measurement properties of the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK) in the surgical setting in both pediatric and adult populations. PubMed was searched for relevant articles using search terms related to the TSK and measurement properties; the search was restricted to articles published in English. COSMIN guidelines were used to rate measurement property sufficiency and study quality. Four articles examined the measurement properties of the TSK-17 in the surgical setting. Included studies demonstrated sufficient internal consistency, structural validity, construct validity, but insufficient predictive validity. Study quality was variable. Although the TSK was not originally intended for the surgical setting, with minor modification, it appears sensible to use in this population. The TSK is a sensible tool to measure fear of movement in children and adults undergoing, or who underwent, surgery. Future studies are needed to test content validity, test-retest reliability, measurement error, and responsiveness in the surgical setting.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONFear of movement is a predictor of developing chronic post-surgical pain in children and adults.Rehabilitation interventions can address fear of movement in hopes to optimize surgical outcomes and prevent chronic post-surgical pain.The Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), with minor modification, is a sensible tool to measure fear of movement in surgical settings.There is some evidence that the TSK is reliable and valid to use with older children, adolescents, and adults who are undergoing or underwent surgery.