Low back pain occupies one of the leading places among pain syndromes and is an urgent medical, social, and economic problem of our time. A review of modern domestic and foreign literature data on the features of diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of chronic dorsalgia in patients with comorbid pathology was carried out. The article reflects the main etiological factors, describes the types of back pain: non-specific (musculoskeletal), radiculopathy, pain associated with potentially dangerous diseases, in addition, issues of the pathogenesis of pain syndromes are highlighted with an indication of nociceptive, neuropathic, psychogenic components. The most common comorbidity in patients with chronic pain in the lower back is characterized. Diagnostic algorithms for the problem under study, measures of drug and non-drug therapy, the possibility of practicing yoga for chronic lower back pain from the standpoint of evidence-based medicine are considered. It was stated that the treatment of chronic pain in the lower back should be individual, with an impact on different links in the pathogenesis of the pathological process. At the same time, the practice of yoga allows you to comprehensively influence the body at various levels: physical, psychological, mental. However, further research is required in this area.