I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 25 Jun 2022 - 1 Jul 2022


2022 Jun 24

Physiother Theory Pract

Similarities between explaining dizziness and explaining pain? Exploring common patient experiences, theoretical models, treatment approaches and potential therapeutic narratives for persistent dizziness or pain.


Pain and dizziness are common experiences throughout the lifespan. However, nearly a quarter of those with acute pain or dizziness experience persistence, which is associated with disability, social isolation, psychological distress, decreased independence, and poorer quality of life. Thus, persistent pain or dizziness impacts peoples' lives in similarly negative ways. Conceptual models of pain and dizziness also have many similarities. Many of these models are more expansive than explaining mere symptoms; rather they describe pain or dizziness as holistic experiences that are influenced by biopsychosocial and contextual factors. These experiences also appear to be associated with multi-modal bodily responses related to evaluation of safety, threat detection and anticipation, as influenced by expectations, and predictions anticipation, not simply a reflection of tissue injury or pathology. Conceptual models also characterize the body as adaptable and therefore capable of recovery. These concepts may provide useful therapeutic narratives to facilitate understanding, dethreaten the experience, and provide hope for patients. In addition, therapeutic alliance, promoting an active movement-based approach, building self-efficacy, and condition-specific approaches can help optimize outcomes. In conclusion, there are significant overlaps in the patient experience, theoretical models and potential therapeutic narratives that guide care for people suffering with persistent pain or dizziness.