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Br J Cardiol



Quality of life among people with atrial fibrillation with and without diabetes: a comparison study.


Hall A, Mitchell A R J, Ashmore L, Holland C
Br J Cardiol. 2021; 28(4):42.
PMID: 35747069.


Quality of life (QoL) is an essential consideration when managing the wellbeing of patients and assists in interpretation of symptoms, functional status and perceptions. Atrial fibrillation (AF) and diabetes demand significant healthcare resources. Existing data demonstrate a negative impact on QoL as individual conditions, but there is less evidence relating to the impact of these disease groups in combination. This study therefore explores QoL in patients with AF and diabetes. This cross-sectional, observational study required participants to complete the short form (SF)-36 survey via an online platform and was offered to people affected by AF alone and people with AF and diabetes in combination. The SF-36 provides a prevalidated tool with eight domains relating to physical and psychological health. A total of 306 surveys were completed (231 AF group, 75 AF and diabetes group).The mean and standard deviation (SD)were calculated for each QoL domain,after re-coding in accordance with SF-36 guidance. Multi-variate analysis of variance (MANOVA) demonstrated an overall significant difference between the groups when considered jointly across all domains.There were significant differences between AF and AF with diabetes QoL responses in physical functioning, energy fatigue,emotional wellbeing, social functioning and pain. In these domains, the mean was highest in the AF group. There were no significant differences in the role physical,role emotional and general health domains. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that diabetes and AF has a more detrimental effect on QoL than AF alone, in the majority of domains. Further research into the general AF population and where chronic conditions co-exist is important to comprehend the true impact this disease combination has on QoL.