Chronic prurigo is itself a common condition, but it can also occur secondary to a large number of diseases. Management is challenging as historically chronic prurigo has been poorly defined and very few treatments are available. Clinically, it presents as excoriated, hyperkeratotic lesions. When chronic prurigo is suspected, a comprehensive differential diagnosis is essential. New diagnostic criteria have appeared in recent years and new drugs have been developed. Although no truly effective treatment is yet available, patients will benefit from a greater understanding of this condition.