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Front Neurol


Case Report: A Novel CACNA1A Mutation Caused Flunarizine-Responsive Type 2 Episodic Ataxia and Hemiplegic Migraine With Abnormal MRI of Cerebral White Matter.


Episodic ataxia type 2 (EA2) is one autosomal-dominant neurological disorder characterized by debilitating attacks of ataxia. It is mainly caused by loss-of-function mutations of the CACNA1A gene, which encodes the pore-forming α1A subunit of Ca2.1 (P/Q type voltage-gated calcium channel). Sporadic hemiplegic migraine (SHM) is another rare disease involving CACNA1A variants, which seldom coexists with EA2. Here we report a novel pathogenic mutation in CACNA1A (c.3836dupA, exon 23, p.Y1279X) of a 16-year-old female, who complained about paroxysmal dizziness, headache, and unsteady gait. Her brain MRI revealed a slightly atrophic cerebellum and numerous asymptomatic hyperintense lesions of the cerebral white matter. The diagnosis of EA2 combined with SHM was made. Administration of 5-mg flunarizine once daily at night effectively reduced the attacks and attenuated her symptoms for a month.