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Papers of the Week

2022 Jun 09

Curr Pain Headache Rep

Sex and Gender Considerations in Episodic Migraine.


Ahmad SR, Rosendale N
Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2022 Jun 09.
PMID: 35679008.


We seek to update readers on recent advances in our understanding of sex and gender in episodic migraine with a two part series. In part 1, we examine migraine epidemiology in the context of sex and gender, differences in symptomatology, and the influence of sex hormones on migraine pathophysiology (including CGRP). In part 2, we focus on practical clinical considerations for sex and gender in episodic migraine by addressing menstrual migraine and the controversial topic of hormone-containing therapies. We make note of data applicable to gender minority populations, when available, and summarize knowledge on gender affirming hormone therapy and migraine management in transgender individuals. Finally, we briefly address health disparities, socioeconomic considerations, and research bias.