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Papers of the Week

2022 May 14

World J Gastroenterol



Effect of ancient Khorasan wheat on gut microbiota, inflammation, and short-chain fatty acid production in patients with fibromyalgia.


Baldi S, Pagliai G, Dinu M, Di Gloria L, Nannini G, Curini L, Pallecchi M, Russo E, Niccolai E, Danza G, Benedettelli S, Ballerini G, Colombini B, Bartolucci G, Ramazzotti M, Sofi F, Amedei A
World J Gastroenterol. 2022 May 14; 28(18):1965-1980.
PMID: 35664958.


Fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome is mainly characterized by widespread pain, sleeping disorders, fatigue, and cognitive dysfunction. In many cases, gastrointestinal distress is also reported, suggesting the potential pathogenic role of the gut microbiota (GM). The GM is deeply influenced by several environmental factors, especially the diet, and recent findings highlighted significant symptom improvement in FM patients following various nutritional interventions such as vegetarian diet, low-fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols based diets, gluten-free diet, and especially an ancient grain supplementation. In particular, a recent study reported that a replacement diet with ancient Khorasan wheat led to an overall improvement in symptom severity of FM patients.