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Front Bioeng Biotechnol


Effect of Implantable Electrical Nerve Stimulation on Cortical Dynamics in Patients With Herpes Zoster-Related Pain: A Prospective Pilot Study.


Zhou H, Han R, Chen L, Zhang Z, Zhang X, Wang J, Liu Z, Huang D
Front Bioeng Biotechnol. 2022; 10:862353.
PMID: 35651542.


Implantable electrical nerve stimulation (ENS) can be used to treat neuropathic pain caused by herpes zoster. However, little is known about the cortical mechanism underlying neuromodulation therapy. Here, we recorded a 16-channel resting-state electroencephalogram after the application of spinal cord stimulation ( = 5) or peripheral nerve stimulation ( = 3). The neuromodulatory effect was compared between specific conditions (active ENS versus rest). To capture the cortical responses of ENS, spectral power and coherence analysis were performed. ENS therapy achieved satisfactory relief from pain with a mean visual analog scale score reduction of 5.9 ± 1.1. The spectral analysis indicated that theta and alpha oscillations increased significantly during active neuromodulation compared with the resting state. Furthermore, ENS administration significantly increased frontal-frontal coherence in the alpha band. Our findings demonstrate that, despite methodological differences, both spinal cord and peripheral nerve stimulation can induce cortical alpha oscillation changes in patients with zoster-related pain. The dynamic change may, in part, mediate the analgesic effect of ENS on herpes zoster-related pain.