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Papers of the Week

2022 May 02

Br J Hosp Med (Lond)



The non-operative management of primary osteoarthritis.


Furey J, Graziadei V, Pilkington I, Waterman J
Br J Hosp Med (Lond). 2022 May 02; 83(5):1-7.
PMID: 35653315.


Osteoarthritis is a syndrome characterised by joint pain, resulting in functional limitation and a decreased quality of life. This chronic condition is one of the major public health problems facing society today and is likely to become more prevalent. The expected increase is because of the primary causative factors, advancing age and obesity, becoming increasingly prevalent in society. The diagnosis of osteoarthritis can be made clinically when activity related joint pain is present, alongside morning joint stiffness that lasts for less than 30 minutes. However, a radiological diagnosis can also be made. This article examines the current management strategies, as outlined by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines for osteoarthritis. Although numerous surgical options are available, this article focuses on the non-operative strategies currently used. The emphasis in this article is on general principles of treatment rather than treatment options for specific joints.