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Papers of the Week

2022 Jan-Dec

Child Neurol Open


Post COVID-19 Lymphocytic Hypophysitis: A Rare Presentation.


Joshi M, Gunawardena S, Goenka A, Ey E, Kumar G
Child Neurol Open. 2022 Jan-Dec; 9:2329048X221103051.
PMID: 35615060.


Lymphocytic hypophysitis (LH) is a rare autoimmune disorder involving the destruction of the anterior pituitary due to lymphocytic infiltration. The disease shows a female predominance, commonly affecting women during late pregnancy into the postpartum period. The etiology of LH has not been well established and is presumed to be autoimmune based on the histopathological findings of lymphocytic infiltration and postpartum cases. Lymphocytic hypophysitis has yet to be studied in the context of a patient status post-recovery from COVID-19. Since the initial outbreak, additional information regarding the symptoms and outcomes has emerged on the virus's effects on the nervous system. We present a novel case of post-COVID lymphocytic hypophysitis in a pediatric patient at Dayton Children's Hospital. An 18-year-old previously healthy girl presented to the emergency department (ED) with acute onset headache and dizziness for 5 days. She had a history of symptomatic COVID-19 three weeks prior to the onset of current symptoms. Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain revealed diffuse thickening and enlargement of the infundibulum with homogenous contrast enhancement of the hypophyseal axis. Based on the suspicion for lymphocytic hypophysitis, she was started on Methylprednisolone 250 mg IV Q6hrs on day 1-3. Symptomatic clinical improvement was seen on day 3 with a significant decrease in the intensity of the headache. The case illustrates the varied presentation and neurological sequalae associated with the COVID-19 virus. The case described here is the first ever reported post-COVID manifestation of lymphocytic hypophysitis.