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Papers of the Week

2022 May 27

Medicine (Baltimore)



The transformation of isolated gastric myeloid sarcoma into acute myeloid leukemia presenting with a complex karyotype and TLS-ERG gene fusion: A case report.



Isolated myeloid sarcoma (MS) is characterized by the rapid proliferation of myeloblasts of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), without any blood or bone marrow involvement. This disease can manifest with extramedullary organ involvement, such as the skin, lymph nodes, bone, brain, breast cervix, and visceral organs, while the occurrence of myeloid sarcomas in the stomach is rare. Isolated MS has been associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), but the rapid progression of MS to acute myeloid leukemia with a complex karyotype and TLS-ERG fusion gene is even rarer.