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Papers of the Week

Papers: 28 May 2022 - 3 Jun 2022

Animal Studies

2022 May 26


Duloxetine alleviates oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy by regulating p53-mediated apoptosis.


Wang M, Zhang L, Liu X, Qiu S, Xu R, Yang C, Lu Y, Zhang P, Yan M, Zhu J
Neuroreport. 2022 May 26.
PMID: 35623085.


Oxaliplatin (OXA) is a key platinum-based chemotherapeutic agent for treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer, but the side effects of acute and chronic neuropathies limit its clinical application. Duloxetine has been found to have the potential to prevent OXA-induced peripheral neuropathy in several studies, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of duloxetine on OXA-induced peripheral neuropathy and to find the potential mechanisms. The neuropathic pain mice model was used to explore the role of duloxetine on OXA-induced peripheral neuropathy by measuring the change of thermal withdrawal latency (TWL), paw withdrawal threshold (PWT), and intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD). Moreover, to explore molecular mechanisms, effects of duloxetine on OXA-induced changes in mRNA and protein expression of components of the p53-related pathways in cultured rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons were measured. In vivo, we found duloxetine treatment could significantly prevent the changes in the TWL, PWT to mechanical stimulation, and the IENFD of mice caused by OXA. In vitro, we found duloxetine notably inhibits the relative mRNA and protein expression levels of p53, Bax/Bcl2, caspase-3, and caspase-9 in DRG neurons, which may indicate duloxetine protected the DRG neuron by inhibiting p53-related pathways. These results suggest that duloxetine could alleviate the OXA-induced peripheral neuropathy. Duloxetine deserves further consideration as a potential protective agent against peripheral neuropathy.