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Papers of the Week

Papers: 28 May 2022 - 3 Jun 2022

2022 May 24

Neurobiol Dis

Role of gut microbiota in neuropathy and neuropathic pain states: A systematic preclinical review.


Pane K, Boccella S, Guida F, Franzese M, Maione S, Salvatore M
Neurobiol Dis. 2022 May 24:105773.
PMID: 35623598.


Gut microbiota has implications in Central Nervous System (CNS) disorders. Our study systematically identified preclinical studies aimed to investigate the possible gut microbiota contribution in neuropathy and neuropathic pain. The systematic review is reported in accordance with PRISMA checklist and guidelines outlined updated to 2020. We included research articles reporting neuropathy-related behavioral evaluations and/or neurological scores coupled to gut microbiota analysis performed by high-throughput technologies in the last ten years. Two investigators performed a search through 3 electronic bibliographic databases for full-text articles (PubMed, Scopus, and EMBASE) and three registries (Prospero, SyRF, and bioRxiv), cross-references, and linear searches. We assessed the methodological quality via the CAMARADES checklist and appraised the heterogeneous body of evidence by narrative synthesis. In total, there were 19 eligible studies. The most of these reports showed significant changes in gut microbiota setting in neuropathy conditions. The major gut microbiome remodeling was through fecal microbiome transplantation. Mechanistic proof of the gut-CNS communication was achieved by measuring inflammatory mediators, metabolic products, or neurotransmitters. As a limitation, we found considerable heterogeneity across eligible studies. We conclude that the current understanding of preclinical findings suggested an association between neuropathy and/or neuropathic pain and gut microbiota modifications. Our analysis provides the basis for further studies targeting microbiota for managing symptoms of neuropathy or other neuroinflammation-based CNS disorders. The systematic review protocol was registered on the international database Prospero under the registration number (# 257628).