I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

Papers: 21 May 2022 - 27 May 2022

Pharmacology/Drug Development

2022 May 26

Metab Brain Dis

Crosstalk between Sirtuins and Nrf2: SIRT1 activators as emerging treatment for diabetic neuropathy.



About 50% of the diabetic patients worldwide suffer from Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) which is characterized by chronic pain and loss of sensation, frequent foot ulcerations, and risk for amputation. Numerous factors like hyperglycemia, oxidative stress (OS), impaired glucose signaling, inflammatory responses, neuronal cell death are known to be the various mechanisms underlying DACD and DPN. Development of tolerance, insufficient and inadequate relief and potential toxicity of classical antinociceptives still remains a challenge in the clinical setting. Therefore, there is an emerging need for novel treatments which are both without any potential side effects as well as which focus more on the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the disease. Also, sirtuins are known to deacetylate Nrf2 and contribute to its action of reducing ROS by generation of anti-oxidant enzymes. Therefore, targeting sirtuins could be a favourable therapeutic strategy to treat diabetic neuropathy by reducing ROS and thereby alleviating OS in DPN. In the present review, we outline the potential use of SIRT1 activators as therapeutic alternatives in treating DPN. We have tried to highlight how sirtuins are interlinked with Nrf2 and NF-κB and put forth how SIRT activators could serve as potential therapy for DPN.