I am a
Home I AM A Search Login

Papers of the Week

2022 Apr




A Case of Recurrent Acute Pancreatitis Secondary to Hypertriglyceridemia.


Iqbal K, Rathore S S, Jain NK, Singh S, Kannappan M, Adhikari R
Cureus. 2022 Apr; 14(4):e24223.
PMID: 35602826.


Hypertriglyceridemia is known to be the third most common etiology of acute pancreatitis. Triglyceride levels above 1,000 mg/dL are associated with an increased risk of acute pancreatitis. We present the case of a 22-year-old female, a known case of hypertriglyceridemia, who developed sudden onset severe epigastric abdominal pain. A marked elevation in triglyceride levels of >3,000 mg/dL, serum lipase levels of 722 U/L, and serum amylase levels of 161 U/L, in the absence of other risk factors of acute pancreatitis, suggested hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis. Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis with contrast confirmed acute pancreatitis with hepatic steatosis. She was initially placed nil per os (NPO) and intravenous (IV) fluids with normal saline were administered. However, she was subsequently transferred to the intensive care unit as she developed acute respiratory distress syndrome. She was started on IV insulin with 5% dextrose in normal saline and a hydromorphone hydrochloride patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) pump was used for pain control. The patient's condition improved gradually. At the time of discharge, the triglyceride (311 mg/dL) and lipase levels (81 U/L) of the patient were within the normal range. The prognosis of hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis is considered to be worse than non-hypertriglyceridemic acute pancreatitis. Patients with hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis need swift diagnosis and treatment to avoid serious complications.